SKIN CONDITIONS are generally treatable imbalances of the skin that are often related to extrinsic factors such as diet and environment, but can be linked to a genetic component. A skin type can be prone to certain skin conditions.( eg oily skin prone to acne and blemishes) Skin Condition: Dehydrated, Blemish Prone, Redness, Pigmentation, Sensitive/Sensitized, Photo Aging/Premature Aging.
Lacking in hydration/moisture in the skin's tissues & can affect any skin type. Skin is made up of 70% water - around 20-30% of that is in the epidermis (top layer of the skin).
- Tightness, flakiness, scaly
- If gently tugged the skin crinkles
- Lack of radiance
- Feels rough not smooth
- Loss of elasticity
- Premature aging
- Superficial lines and flaking
- Absorbs moisturisers really quickly
GOAL: Eliminate triggers. Attract & hold water to the skin
ACNE / BLEMISH PRONE SKIN
Sebum is a natural oil that makes the skin soft and waterproof. It reduces water loss from the skin surface and protects the skin from infection by bacteria and fungi. Sebum dead skin cells and bacteria can clog pores and create a blemished skin.
Can have any type of blemish, but generally starts off in this order:
- Open comedones [blackhead]
- Closed comedones [whitehead]
- Papule [raised bump type pimple - usually pink or flesh coloured]
- A pustule [raised bump that has pus in it from inflammation
- Nodule [raised bump type lesion that is larger than a papule and usually painful
- Cyst [deep pustular type infection - caused by intense inflammation in the pore
- Skin which naturally over produces oil
- Clogged pores
- Typically large pores on forehead, nose, chin, cheeks
GOAL: Eliminate triggers. Balance sebum, kill harmful bacteria, remove cellular build up from follicle. Calm inflammation. Prevent further breakouts
REDNESS / VASCULAR SKIN
This skin type can be associated with temporary or chronic reddening and flushing of the skin. (sub-stage to rosacea) Couperose is more common in people with thin or weak elasticity of the capillary walls of their skin.
- Broken capillaries or thread veins twisting around on the surface of the skin (visible to the naked eye)
- Tends to be easily irritated
- Skin tends to flush when exposed to irritating substances/products
- Redness can affect any skin type, but dry and thin is the most common
- Intense red flushing
- Persistent redness
- Patches of redness especially on nose and cheeks
GOAL: To eliminate triggers. Reduce redness and calm inflammation, strengthen and protect capillaries. Decreased immune response. Build skins natural barrier.
HYPERPIGMENTATION / UNEVEN SKIN TONE
Can be caused by factors such as UV-induced, hormones (Melasma), skin injured by inflammation.
- Pale patchiness of diffused discolouration
- Brown patches/sun spots
- Melasma (irregularly shaped spots) usually found on forehead cheeks and upper lip; hormone related often appears during pregnancy
- Post-Inflammatory hyper-pigmentation looks a little like a scar but is the pigment that is produced when skin is inflamed by an injury or a swollen pimple; these will eventually fade with time.
GOAL: Eliminate triggers. Fade pigmentation on the surface of the skin. Inhibit tyrosine enzyme.
SENSITIVE AND SENSITISED SKIN
Sensitive skin is caused by a genetic predisposition and tends to be prone to blushing, asthma, allergies and easily sunburns ,and is permanently delicate. Sensitised skin caused by prolonged exposure to pollution, stress, climate and chemicals, which can be treated and prevented. Sensitive and sensitised skin is generally characterised by an inflammatory reaction where the skins natural barrier is already damaged or delicate and unable to protect itself from the environment.
- Allergic or irritant contact dermatitis / scaling and itching
- Blushes easily (sensitive)
- Possible blemishes and inflammation
- Burning stinging
- Displays coupersose conditions (dilated or expanded capillaries)
- Thin epidermis blood vessels close to the skin surface (sensitive)
- Genetic usually with delicate fair skin tone (sensitive)
GOAL: To reduce inflammation and calm redness. Strengthen skins natural barrier.
MATURE / PHOTOAGING / PREMATURE AGING SKIN
Intrinsic and extrinsic ageing.
- Loss of tone firmness, lipids with many fine lines and wrinkles,
- May have sun/age spots (hyperpigmentation) uneven skin colouration / diffused redness
- Rough texture
- Skin tends to lack vibrancy and lustre - lack of "Glow
- Dull, lifeless appearance
- Large stretched pores
- Looks less plump and smooth
GOAL: To maintain collagen, hyaluronic acid and elastin. To build and maintain moisture and hydration To improve tone and texture. Prevent accelerated ageing,